A Level Biology usually covers a broad curriculum and aims to provide students with in-depth knowledge in biology. Here are the main topics usually found in the A Level Biology program:

AS Level Biology

  1. Cell structures and organelles
  2. Cell membrane and transport mechanisms
  3. Cell division (mitosis and meiosis)
  1. DNA structure and replication
  2. RNA and protein synthesis
  3. Genetic coding and transcription-regulation
  1. Structure and function of plant and animal organisms
  2. Circulatory, respiratory, digestive systems in animals
  3. Photosynthesis and nutrition in plants
  1. Mendelian genetics and genetic diversity
  2. Chromosome structure and genetic mapping
  3. Evolutionary processes

A2 Level Biyoloji

  1. Cell cycle control
  2. Apoptosis and cancer biology
  3. DNA mutations and repair mechanisms
  1. Ecology and ecosystem structures
  2. Biodiversity and conservation
  3. Impact of human activities on ecosystems
  1. Genetic engineering and biotechnology applications
  2. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) and DNA analysis techniques
  3. Gene therapy and cloning
  1. Population genetics
  2. The complexity of evolutionary processes
  3. Speciation and adaptation

Laboratory Studies

A Level Biology usually involves laboratory work. These are designed to give students practical skills and teach them to apply the scientific method.

These subjects provide students with a strong foundation in biology and ensure that they have the knowledge and skills that are often required to transition to university study in biology or related fields. They also provide students with the opportunity to develop research, analytical thinking and experimentation skills.

Recommended Universities

If you want to study biology or a related field after A Level Biology, there are many universities around the world. Here are some universities with a strong academic reputation in biology:
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